Honeybees, bumblebees, and butterflies are pollinators that help propagate plant growth. Unfortunately, bees have been facing struggles that threaten their survival. Most of these threats are man-made, which is why pro-bee life advocates and even governments have been promoting awareness to let people understand that there are ways that they can help save the bee population.
One of the highly recommended ways of preventing bee extinction is having a garden. However, it is important to note that some plants actually do more harm to bees than pesticides combined. With that in mind, we have listed down ways on how to plant a garden that bees will love.
Choose Flowering Plants
Most homeowners fill their lawns with grass, but bee-life advocates urge them to plant flowering plants instead. This way, lawns maintain their aesthetics and help maintain bee population at the same time since these plants provide nourishment for a variety of pollinators like bumble bees, honey bees, solitary bees, and butterflies.
Have Single Flower Tops
Not many gardeners know this, but single flower tops are more beneficial for bees than those with many blooms. This is because double-headed flowers actually produce less pollen than those with only one flower top.
Hybrid flowers tend to produce very little pollen for bees since they are not bred to seed.
Plan for Year-Round Blooms
To maintain bee population, it is imperative that gardeners select a variety of plants that bloom during the different seasons. This way, different species of bees that are active all year and those that are only out during spring, autumn, and summer would get the sustenance they need to survive.
Choose Bee-Friendly Plants that Grow Locally
Another important thing to remember when planting a bee garden is to choose flora that is native to the area as they have co-existed with the type of bees in your neighborhood. Below are some of the known bee-friendly plants which may be available in your city or state:
Lavender is a common flowering plant used in landscaping and is popular for their fragrant scent. To top that off, this perennial plant from the mint family is used in cooking and natural remedies. But the best part of it is that several bee species such as honeybees, mason bees, bumblebees, leafcutter bees, and wool carder bees also love this plant that grows best in temperate climates.
- White Clover
Also known as Dutch clover, white clovers are perennial legumes that grow during cool seasons in a wide range of environmental conditions and types of soil, except those that are prone to drought and shallow.
If you include this ground covering plant in your garden, bumblebees, honeybees, mason bees, and other species with long “tongues” will surely buzz around the neighborhood.
Sunflowers are a fun addition to any garden because of its bright color, but they are also a great addition to you intend to attract buzzers around the neighborhood. This is because sunflowers are better sources of nectar and pollen compared to double-headed flowering plants.
This multipurpose plant known for its medicinal uses is another great addition to your bee garden because its majestic purple flowers attract bees of various species.
Commonly known as a cooking spice and medicinal herb, oregano is also a bee-friendly plant especially when it is blooming.
- California Lilac
California lilac is known for its dense branches and distinct aroma that attracts bumblebees. This small and dark green-hued plant makes for a perfect seasonal shrub for the pollinators as it blooms between spring and summer. It can also be useful in providing shade as it grows between 6 and 12 feet in height.